Sabine Schneider

Sabine Schneider

Rank-Manning Junior Research Fellow
History and Economics
Philosophy, Politics and Economics (PPE)
BA Durham, MPhil PhD Camb

Sabine Schneider is the Rank-Manning Research Fellow at New College, and a member of the Management Committee of the Oxford Centre for Economic and Social History. Her research interests are in international economic history since 1800, and the diplomatic relations between Britain, Europe, and the United States. 

Before joining Oxford, Sabine was a Supervisor of Studies and later Bye-Fellow in History at Fitzwilliam College, Cambridge, alongside lecturing for the Cambridge Faculty on the economic and political history of modern Europe. She completed her PhD and MPhil at the University of Cambridge, where she was awarded scholarships from the ESRC, St John’s College, and the Cambridge European Trust. Her PhD examined the creation and politics of the gold standard in Imperial Germany, drawing on new sources from over twenty European and US archives. Her MPhil on the Victorian gold standard lobby in Britain received a Mansergh Prize in History, and its research was supported by an Ellen McArthur scholarship and a Prize Studentship from the Joint-Centre for History & Economics at Cambridge and Harvard. She previously read for a BA in History at the University of Durham, where she was a Vice-Chancellor’s Scholar for Academic Excellence and recipient of the Thompson and History Dissertation Prizes. Her PhD was supervised by Professor Martin Daunton, to whose Festschrift she has recently contributed a chapter on Anglo-German economic rivalry in the decades before the First World War.


Research Interests

Sabine’s research is broadly concerned with the history of state-building, capital markets, and financial globalization. She is currently completing War, Finance & Diplomacy: Imperial Germany and the Politics of the International Gold Standard, 1834-1914. Her study examines the political economy of Germany’s path to monetary union, from the creation of the Zollverein in 1834 to the outbreak of the First World War. Based on collections from over twenty international archives, the book investigates Germany’s transition to a gold currency, and the reforms’ far-reaching impact on the country’s financial and trading relations with Britain and Europe. Archival research for War, Finance & Diplomacy has been supported by grants from the John Fell Fund at Oxford and the Economic History Society. Her second book project is a global history of gold standards, from their origins in Georgian Britain to the post-war transition to floating exchange rates. 

Sabine coordinates the ECR Development Seminar at the Oxford Centre for Economic and Social History, and has a keen interest in the relevance of history to public policy. In 2020, she convened a seminar roundtable at New College on Central Banking and International Cooperation: Lessons from the Great Recession and the Covid-19 Crisis. Prior to joining Oxford, she co-organised a two-day conference at Cambridge on Credit, Currency & Commerce, which explored new directions for historical research into financial and monetary policy. 



At Oxford and Cambridge, Sabine has taught for Prelims and Final Honours papers across modern European, British, and economic history. Her Faculty lectures at Cambridge have covered European political economy in the twentieth century, the Great Depression, post-war reconstruction, European integration since 1973, and the Financial Revolution in Britain. She also supervises for the Oxford MSc in Economic and Social History on topics in political economy, financial and monetary history. 

Oxford College Teaching

  • European and World History IV: Society, Nation, and Empire, 1815-1914 (Prelims)
  • The Industrial Revolution, 1700-1880: Empires, Regions, and Markets (designed and tutored comparative economic history paper) 
  • Approaches to History: Economics (Prelims)
  • Disciplines of History (Final Honours School)


Selected Publications

  • War, Finance & Diplomacy: Imperial Germany and the Politics of the International Gold Standard, 1834-1914 (in preparation)
  • Gold Standards: The Rise and Fall of Global Monetary Regimes (in preparation)
  • ‘The Politics of Last Resort Lending and the Overend & Gurney Crisis of 1866’, The Economic History Review (forthcoming)
  • ‘All That Glittered: Britain’s Most Precious Metal from Adam Smith to the Gold Rush, by Timothy Alborn’, The English Historical Review (forthcoming) 
  • ‘Imperial Germany, Great Britain and the Political Economy of the Gold Standard, 1867-1914’, in Money and Markets: Essays in Honour of Martin Daunton, eds. Julian Hoppit, Duncan Needham, and Adrian Leonard (Boydell & Brewer, 2019), pp. 127-144
  • ‘The Oxford Handbook of Banking and Financial History, edited by Youssef Cassis, Richard S. Grossman & Catherine R. Schenk’, The Economic History Review, 70.2 (2017), pp. 693-695


Selected Conference and Seminar Papers

  • ‘Internationalism and Economic Diplomacy in Imperial Germany, c. 1867-1880’, German History Society Conference, King’s College London, 4 September 2019
  • ‘National Politics and Foreign Precedent: German Monetary Union in the Nineteenth Century’, Uses of the Past in International Economic Relations, St Hilda’s, Oxford, 9 May 2019
  • ‘Imperial Germany’s gold Mark and the creation of an international currency, 1871-1914’, Economic History Society Conference, Keele University, 6 April 2018
  • ‘Imperial Germany, Pax Britannica, and the Political Economy of the Gold Standard, 1871-1914’, Economic and Social History Graduate Workshop, University of Cambridge, 20 November 2017 and Graduate Seminar in Economic and Social History, Nuffield College, Oxford, 25 April 2018
  • ‘War, Finance and Diplomacy: Imperial Germany and the Politics of the International Gold Standard’, Kolloquium in Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte, Humboldt University, Berlin, 12 July 2017
  • ‘Spoils of War: Gerson von Bleichröder and the Conversion of the French Indemnity, 1871-1879’, EABH Conference: The Legacy of the Haute Banque, from the 19th to the 21st century, Paris, 23 June 2017
  • ‘The “Bimetallic Controversy” and the Cultural Politics of Gold in Victorian Britain’, Social History Society Conference, University College London, 6 April 2017
  • ‘Europe’s Ambassadors of Finance: Bleichröder, the Rothschilds and the course of German Monetary Reform’, Credit, Currency & Commerce: New Perspectives in Financial and Monetary History, Darwin College, Cambridge, 14 September 2016
  • ‘The “Bimetallic Controversy” and the Golden Age of Monetary Orthodoxy, 1880-1900’, Financial History Seminar, Cambridge, 7 March 2016
Explore further

Discover more about New College