I completed my undergraduate degree in War Studies and History at King’s College London in 2008, and then moved to the University of Oxford to take an MPhil in Political Theory and DPhil in Politics between 2008 and 2013. From 2011-2013 I worked as a Non-Stipendiary Lecturer in Politics and International Relations at St. Anne’s College, Oxford, and from 2013-2015 I was the Rank-Manning Junior Research Fellow in Social Sciences at New College. I am now a Lecturer in International Relations at New College college, holding a joint appointment as a Departmental Lecturer in International Relations in the Department of Politics and International Relations.
I currently give tutorials in the four International Relations papers on the PPE and Modern History and Politics undergraduate degrees, and supervise Masters and Doctoral level students in the broad field of international conflict and security. I also have experience teaching the Theory of Politics and Sociological Theory papers.
My central research interest is the role of ideology in political violence and armed conflict, especially in forms of violence against civilians such as genocides, crimes against humanity, and terrorism. My work aims to produce a general account of how violence against civilians is made to look justified across a number of such cases, drawing on a range of disciplines including genocide studies, International Relations, political theory, political sociology, intellectual history, social psychology and social epistemology. I am currently working on a book on this topic, Ideologies and Mass Killings, for Oxford University Press. My past work was particularly concerned with violence against civilians in Nazi Germany, Stalinist Russia, and in the military operations of the Western Allies during World War II, but I am now increasingly conducting research on more contemporary cases. More generally, I am interested in the sociology of political violence and the study of ideologies in world politics. I have secondary research interests in international normative theory, the ethics of violence, and methodological debates in political science. My work has been published in several leading scholarly journals such as the British Journal of Political Science and Terrorism and Political Violence, and I have also written for news media publications including The Independent and The New Statesman.
• “A Map of the Field of Ideological Analysis,” Journal of Political Ideologies 18/3 (2013)
• “A Complex Systems Approach to the Study of Ideology: Cognitive-Affective Structures and the Dynamics of Belief Systems,” Journal of Social and Political Psychology 1/1 (2013) (co-authored with Thomas Homer-Dixon, Matto Mildenberger, Manjana Milkoreit, Steven J. Mock, Stephen Quilley, Tobias Schröder and Paul Thagard)
• “Rethinking the Role of Ideology in Mass Atrocities,” Terrorism and Political Violence 26 (2014)
• “Preventing Mass Atrocities: Ideological Strategies and Interventions,” Politics and Governance 3/3 (2015)
• “Dangerous Speech and Dangerous Ideology: An Integrated Model for Monitoring and Prevention,” Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal 9/3 (2016) (co-authored with Susan Benesch)
• “Ideology,” in William Outhwaite and Stephen Turner (eds.), Handbook of Political Sociology (London: Sage Publications, 2017)
• “Convergence and Divergence in the Study of Ideology: A Critical Review,” British Journal of Political Science 48/2 (2018) (co-authored with Matto Mildenberger)
• “Is There a Distinctively Political Normativity?,” Ethics [Forthcoming] (co-authored with with Alex Worsnip)